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THE AUXILIARY VERBS

The verbs είμαι (Be) and έχω (have) are called Auxiliary Verbs (Τα Βοηθητικά Ρήματα) because they help to form different tenses.
Simple Present                                   PastFuture
Είμαι ( Ιam)                                          ήμουν (Ιwas)                                   θαείμαι ( Iwillbe) Είσαι ( youare)                                     ήσουν  (youwere)θαείσαι ( you will be) Είναι ( he/sheis)                                   ήταν(he/she was)θαείναι ( he/she will be)

THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE

THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE



The simple present generally describes an action, an event or condition that takes place in the present. The simple present is used:

- to describe an action, an event or condition that is occurring at the moment of speaking 

Τώρα διαβάζω την εφημερίδα.  I am reading a newspaper now. - to express general truths

Ηγηγυρίζειγύρωαπότονήλιο. The earth rotates around the sun. - to show a habit, repetition or continuity

Πηγαίνω στο σχολείο κάθε μέρα. I go to school every day. ΜένωστηνΕλλάδα. I live in Greece. - to refer to an action or an event that will certainly occur in the near future

ΑύριοφεύγωγιαΙταλία. I am leaving for Italy tomorrow. - to describe events taken place in the past in order to make them more vivid (historical present)

The Greek Language- Cases and syntactic functions

THE GREEK LANGUAGE
The Greek language, like all human languages, has a Lexicon and a Grammar that are used to create sentences. The Lexicon consists of the words that exist in the language. These words have a form and carry a meaning.
Cases and syntactic functions Some languages express the grammatical relations between the sentence constituents by placing them in specific positions, i.e. S – V – O. English is such a language. In English, the subject (S) comes before the verb in affirmative sentences and the object (O) follows the verb. Other languages, like Greek, express grammatical relations through their system of inflection. One aspect of this system is the endings.                                   A clause always has a subject and a verb. However, in Greek the subject might be omitted. This happens because a verb form always has an ending indicating the subject. Therefore, it is not necessary to use the pronoun: εγώ (Ι), εσύ (you), αυτός (he), αυτή(she), εμείς (we), εσείς (you) αυ…