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Showing posts from April 26, 2019

Nouns (first and second declension feminine) Nominative & Accusative

First declension feminine:
τιμή= honour
sg      nominative     τιμ-ή accusative      τιμ-ήν
Second declension feminine
λόγος= word (also reason, story)
sg   nominative      λόγος        accusative       λόγον
As with verbs, it is important to distinguish the stem - which stays the same- from the ending (which changes). Hyphens are used initially.Declension refers to the group a noun belongs to and the way its endings change.The nominative case is used for the subject of the verb while the accusative case for the object.The -ν- is the characteristic ending for the accusative singular.Common nouns like τιμή
εἰρήνη            peace ἐπιστολή        letter κόρη               girl νίκη               victory φωνή             voice πύλη              gate κώμη             village
Common nouns like λόγος
ἄγγελος         messanger διδάσκαλος    teacher θεός                god ποταμός          river στρατηγός     (στρατός+ἂγω) general, commander στρατός          army σύμμαχος       ally

The Past Continuous

Past Continuous is the tense of narrations and descriptions. It is used in order to describe an action that was being repeated in the past or that had a duration.

Examples: Έπιναγάλα κάθε μέρα.(Epeena gala kathe mera). I used to drink milk every day. Βλέπαμετηλεόραση όλο το απόγευμα.(Vlepame tileorasi olo to apogevma). We were watching television all afternoon.
The Past Continuous of the verbs έχω ( to have) and είμαι ( to be) είχα ήμουν είχεςήσουν είχεήταν είχαμεήμασταν είχατεήσασταν είχανήταν
Active Voice, 1st conjugation (verbs ending in –ω